News of Moscow District Courts
Interview of the issue
The concept of development of legislation on property law was initially too speculative
Another Look at Unreasonable Bank Charges
Analytics: Real Rights. Problems of Reforming and Law Enforcement
Unauthorised Constructions in Court Practice
Over the past few years, the legislation on unauthorised constructions has changed rapidly, so law enforcement and judicial practice has not always kept pace with such changes. The article analyses the changing approach of the legislator to the regulation of unauthorised constructions and their legalisation, as well as considers the existing judicial practice on this issue.
Keywords: unauthorised construction, legalisation, reconstruction, construction, bringing into compliance
Admitting a Right or Encumbrance as Absent. When Can This Be Required?
The article analyses the application of a claim for recognition of a right or an encumbrance as absent. The author names main categories of disputes resolved by means of this claim, and raises the problem of broad interpretation of the grounds for its submission. The author believes that the real right might be recognised as absent only in case of violations when the right is legally appropriated or encumbered with non-existent, as well as not corresponding to the declared qualities real rights.
Keywords: remedy, rights in rem, declaration of right or encumbrances as absent
The article assesses the novelties of 2018 that significantly transform the institution of public easement in Russian law. The author acknowledges significant gaps in legal regulation of easements, which seriously complicate the acquisition of such rights for construction purposes, and analyses the main conditions for establishing a “public” easement under the new rules, as well as the mechanism for compensation of losses to the owner of a land plot burdened with such easement.
Keywords: “public” easement, limited rights to a real estate thing, construction on another’s land plot, construction of linear objects
Analytics: Open Forum
Refusal to Release a Bankrupt Citizen from Fulfillment of Obligations. Procedural Aspect
This article is devoted to the practical analysis of the content of Art. 213.28 of the Law on Bankruptcy, which establishes the grounds for refusal to release a citizen from the performance of his obligations by the court based on the results of bankruptcy proceedings, and contains a list of obligations from which the debtor cannot be released. The question is considered in relation to the most important purpose of the application of such an institution — to ensure a fair balance between the personal rights of the debtor and the property interests of creditors, respect for the rights and legitimate interests of interested persons. The analysis of the current procedural legislation, arbitrazh court practice and opinions of scientists allowed to draw a number of conclusions regarding the procedure of application by arbitrazh courts of the relevant provisions of the Law on Bankruptcy, the procedure of appeal of judicial acts on non-release of citizens from obligations.
Keywords: bankruptcy of a citizen, bad faith behavior, completion of the property sale procedure, release from obligations
Order of the Arbitrazh Court as a Way to Secure Evidence
The subject of this article is the analysis of such an indispensable procedural instrument, often used by the arbitration court, as an order for certain procedural actions. Despite the fact that Art. 73 of the Arbitrazh Procedure Code of the Russian Federation stipulates the right to send such instructions at the discretion of the court, a consistent analysis of this rule leads to the conclusion that there are gaps concerning the uncertainty of the degree of independence of the executing court, execution of the instruction, responsibility of the executing court for poor-quality or untimely execution of the instruction. The author suggests amending Art. 73, 74 of the APC with respect to the extension and concretisation of the powers of the executing court. It is proposed to allow the commissioning judges not only to receive, but also to examine and investigate the evidence; to replace the term “certain procedural actions” by “necessary procedural actions”; and also to strengthen the possibility of the executing court to independently determine the sources and ways of identifying and securing evidence on arbitration orders.
Keywords: arbitrazh process, arbitrazh order of the court, evidence, obtaining evidence
Introduction of Judicial Mediator in the Courts of General Jurisdiction and Arbitrazh Courts as a Way to Reduce the Caseload within the Concept of Justice Reform
The author justifies the need to introduce the position of judicial mediator, considers the advantages of jurisdictional mediation over non-jurisdictional one and examines the institution of judicial mediation as a way to reduce the duties of judges and court staff, build confidence in the judicial system and enhance the authority of the judge.
Keywords: reduction of the caseload, caseload, judicial mediation, jurisdictional method of conflict resolution, strengthening trust in the judicial system, institute of judicial conciliation, effective dispute resolution in Russia, judicial mediator
Scientific Advisory Council
Minutes of the Meeting of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Arbitrazh Court of the Moscow District No. 16